/Civil Litigation

Sexual Orientation Discrimination is Illegal

February 27, 2018

2018 marks the start (or a long-overdue start) of recognizing and extending civil rights protection to all persons, regardless of his/her sexual orientation. Finding that sexual orientation discrimination is illegal, on February 26, 2018, a Second Circuit Federal Court of Appeals in New York in Zarda v. Altitude Express, Inc. et al., ruled, en banc (10-3), that a federal civil rights law under Title VII, which bans sex discrimination and bias in the workplace, extends to gay employees.

Companies Beware: Your Arbitration Agreement May Not Be Enforceable

October 31, 2017

Courts routinely enforce arbitration agreements in a wide variety of disputes. But this common practice recently took a new turn when the California Court of Appeal for the First District struck an employer’s arbitration agreement as void on “unconscionable” grounds.

What constitutes Sexual Harassment in the Workplace?

September 01, 2017

Sexual harassment includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature which explicitly or implicitly affects an individual's employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual's work performance, or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment. Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.